Sunday, November 4, 2012

Tawasul in sunni books

Adaab ad-Dua (i.e. Etiquettes of making dua)

One should ask Allah through the "WASEELA (Intercession)" of Anbiya and Pious servants of Allah... (towards the end Imam Ibn Jazri said) After completing the dua one should wipe his face with his hands.

Ref: Al Hisnul Hiseen, page 25. 



Imam Dhahabi (rah) narrates: Once there was a drought in Samarqand, People tried their best, some said Salah al Istisqa but still it did not rain, A renowned righteous man known as Salih came to the Qadhi and said: In my opinion you along with your public should visit the grave of Imam Bukhari (rah), His grave is located in Khartank, We should (go near the Qabr) and ask for rain, Allah might give us rain then, The Qadhi said Yes to his opinion and then he along with the people went towards (the Qabr) and then He made a dua along with the people and people started to cry near the grave and started to make him a Waseela (i.e. Imam Bukhari). Allah Ta’ala (immediately) sent rainclouds. All people stayed in Khartank for about 7 days, none of them wanted to go back to Samarqand although the distance between Samarqand and Khartank was only 3 miles.

Ref: Siyar al A'lam wa al Nubalah, volume 12, page 469.



Hakim declared that it fulfils the requirements of authentic traditions as demanded by Bukhari and Muslim, while Dhahabi has also called it sahih (sound). It is attributed to Dawud bin Abu Salih. He says: One day Marwan came and he saw that a man was lying down with his mouth turned close to the Prophet’s grave. Then he (Marwan) said to him, “Do you know what are you doing?” When he moved towards him, he saw that it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. (In reply) he said, “Yes (I know) I have come to the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) and not to a stone. I have heard it from the Messenger of God (Peace Be Upon Him) not to cry over religion when its guardian is competent. Yes, shed tears over religion when its guardian is incompetent. 

Ref: Ahmad bin Hambal with a sound chain of transmission in his Musnad, volume 17, page42-43, hadith number 23476.





Qadhi Shawkani (rah) writes: I says this hadith is proof for Intercession of Prophets (Peace Be Upon Him) narrated by Imam Tirmidhi, Imam Nisa'I, Imam Ibn Maja, Imam Ibn Khuzaimah in his Sahih, and Hakim said hadith is correct on Bukhari and Muslim conditions. Narrated By 'Uthman ibn Hunayf, that a blind man came to the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and said, "I've been afflicted in my eyesight, so please pray to Allah for me." The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said: "Go make ablution (wudu), perform two rak'as of prayer, and then say: "Oh Allah, I ask You and turn to You through my Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet of mercy; O Muhammad (Ya Muhammad), I seek your intercession with my Lord for the return of my eyesight. on Tawasuul on Saint's that hadith is a proof which is present in Bukhari in which Umar took Tawassul of Abbas and said that we take your Intercession after Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him).

Ref: Tuhfat uth-Dhakireen, page 37.




Imam Qadhi Shawkani (salafi scholar) on Tawassul: O Allah! Verily I ask you, and turn to you through your Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) the Prophet of Mercy, O Muhammad verily I turn towards my Lord through you to my Lord in this need of mine, to fulfill it, O Allah intercede/cure this! This hadith has been extracted by Tirmidhi, al-Hakim in his Mustadrak and Nisa’I, and it is from the hadith of Uthman bin Hanif may Allah be pleased with him. He said a blind man came to the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) and said: O Messenger of Allah Pray for me! He (Peace Be Upon Him) said: If you wish I will pray for you, but if you wish, you have been patient and this is better for you. He preferred to be supplicated for. The Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) instructed him to make Wudu and to make a perfect Wudu – Nisai’s narration adds in some of the reports (turuq) to make Wudu and pray two Rakah and then the supplication (as above).

Ref: Tuhfah al-Dhakireen, page 137.




It was also extracted by Ibn Maja , and al-Hakim in his mustadrak who stated that it is [authentic] according to the criterion of the two shaykhs (Muslim and Bukhari) and his narration had the addition: So he supplicated with this Dua and he arose and was able to see. Tirmidhi said the Hadith is Hasan Sahih (good and authentic) and we know this narration through this channel only from the Hadith of Abu Jafar and that is not al-Khatmi, these and other Imams have authenticated this narration, Nisa’I is alone in mentioneing the prayer, but Tabarani agreed with him and in mentions the same in some of his reports (turuq) it reports. In the narration there is [evidence] of the permissibility of Tawassul (taking a means) through the Messenger of Allah (saw) to Allah azza wa-jal with the firm belief that the only active agent (Faa’il) is Allah, for verily He alone is the giver and the preventer, what He wishes, is, and what He does not wish never can be. 

Ref: Tuhfah al-Dhakireen, page 138.
 

 
Relates from Abu al-Jawza’ Aws bin ‘Abdullah: The people of Medina were in the grip of a severe famine. They complained to ‘A’ishah (about their terrible condition). She told them to go towards the Prophet’s grave and open a window in the direction of the sky so that there is no curtain between the sky and the grave. The narrator says they did so. Then it started raining heavily; even the lush green grass sprang up (everywhere) and the camels had grown so fat (it seemed) they would burst out due to the over piling of blubber. So the year was named as the year of greenery and plenty. 

Ref: Sunan Darimi, volume 1, page 227, hadith 93.

Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki says, “This tradition has a good chain of transmission; rather, in my opinion, it is sound. The scholars have also acknowledged its soundness and have established its genuineness on the basis of almost equally credible evidence. 

Ref: Shifa’-ul-fu’ad bi-ziyarat khayr--il-‘ibad, page 153.







Imam Ibn Kathir on Tawassul: Many have stated this tradition. One of them is Abū Mansūr Sabbagh who writes in his book al-Hikayat-ul-mashhurah that, according to ‘Utbi, once he was sitting beside the Prophet’s grave when a bedouin came and he said, “Peace be on you, O Allah’s Messenger. I have heard that Allah says: ‘(O beloved!) And if they had come to you, when they had wronged their souls, and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger also had asked forgiveness for them, they (on the basis of this means and intercession) would have surely found Allah the Granter of repentance, extremely Merciful.I have come to you, asking forgiveness for my sins and I make you as my intermediary before my Lord and I have come to you for this purpose.” Then he recited these verses: “O, the most exalted among the buried people who improved the worth of the plains and the hillocks! May I sacrifice my life for this grave which is made radiant by you, (the Prophet,) the one who is (an embodiment) of mercy and forgiveness.” Then the bedouin went away and I fell asleep. In my dream I saw the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He said to me: O ‘Utbi, the bedouin is right, go and give him the good news that Allah has forgiven his sins. 

Ref: Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur'an al-azim, volume 4, page 140, under the Verse 4:64.





Malik ad-Dar has related: The people were gripped by famine during the tenure of ‘Umar (bin al-Khattab). Then a Companion walked up to the Prophet’s grave and said, “O Messenger of Allah, please ask for rain from Allah for your Community who is in dire straits.” Then the Companion saw the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) in a dream. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said to him, “Go over to ‘Umar, give him my regards and tell him that the rain will come to you. And tell ‘Umar that he should be on his toes, he should be on his toes, (he should remain alert).” Then the Companion went over to see ‘Umar and passed on to him the tidings. On hearing this, ‘Umar broke into a spurt of crying. He said, “O Allah, I exert myself to the full until I am completely exhausted.” 

Ref: al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, volume 11, page 118, hadith 32538.






A person used to visit Uthman bin Affan on a personal errand. Uthman bin Affan not only was indifferent to him but also turned a deaf ear to his need. That person met Uthman bin Hunayf and lodged his complaint against it. Uthman bin Hunayf said to him: fetch an earthen pot and perform the ablution, then go to the mosque and offer two cycles of prayer and say: O Allah, I beseech you and submit myself to you through the mediation of our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), a merciful Prophet. O Muhammad! I submit to my Lord through your means so that He should fulfil my need. And then mention your need. The man went away and he did as he was told to do. Later when he arrived at Uthman bin Affan’s door, the porter caught him by his hand and took him to Uthman bin Affan who made him sit beside him on the mat and asked him: what is your need? He mentioned the need and the caliph fulfilled his need and said to him: why haven’t you mentioned your need so far? He told him further: do come to me whenever you have a problem? When the man left his place, he met Uthman bin Hunayf and said to him: May God bless you! He neither gave any thought to my need nor turned his attention to me until you recommended me to him. Uthman bin Hunayf replied: By God! I did not say this, but once I was in the company of the Messenger of Allah that a blind man came over to see him and complained to him about the loss of his eyesight. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) asked him to be patient, but he said: O Messenger of Allah! I don’t have any servant and I am in great trouble. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said: fetch an earthen pot and perform the ablution, then offer two cycles of prayer and implore Allah with these praying words. Then Uthman bin Hunayf said: By God! We had neither gone out far away from the meeting nor had the conversation among us stretched out that the man came running to us as if he had never been blind 

Ref: Dala’il un Nubuwwah, volume 6, page 167-168, front cover, Dala’il un Nubuwwah, published by Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon.

Imam Mundhiri (rah) graded it SAHIH (SOUND!). Ref: at-Targhib wat-tarhib, volume 1, page 474-476.

   


 
Imam Ghazzali (rah) said that whenever anyone is in some difficulty then he should ask the people of tombs for help, who are of (sacred) souls but have passed away (i.e. transferred into another dimension). There is no doubt in it that any person visiting (their tombs) gets spiritual help plus benefit from them and many times when their Waseela is presented in the court of Allah, the difficulties are removed. 

Ref: Tafsir Ruh ul Ma’ani, volume 30, page 24.


Great Muhadith of 7th Century Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki write a complete Chapter on visiting Awliyah and Saliheen he Writes: Student (muta-lim) should visit Awliyas and Saliheen and go to see them as seeing them makes the heart alive just as earth becomes alive due to rain, by seeing them the hearts which are stones are turned soft, because they remain present in the Bargah of Allah who is merciful, He never rejects their worship or intentions, and those who attend their Mehfils and those who identity them and those who love them, this is because they are mercy after Allah and his Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) which remains open for his men, so any one who has these qualities then people should be quick to receive blessing from such people because people who meet these personalities get the blessing knowledge and memory which cannot be explained, you will know that due to same maani one can see alot of people who got perfection in knowledge and ecstasy, Any one who respects these blessings never gets away from mercy and Barakah, but condition is that the person who should be visited for a look should obey the Sunna'h and protect it and show it from his actions. 

Ref: Ibn al-Haaj, al-Madkhal, volume 2, page 139, al-Madkhal, Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki, Publish: Dar al-Turath, Qahira.






Nasir Albani writes: Imam Ahmad reported with sound chain: narrated by ‘Uthmān bin Hunayf: That a blind man called on the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and said to him: ‘(O Messenger of Allah,) pray to Allah to give me solace’. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: ‘if you wish, I will stall it and this is better for you.’ He said: ‘you should pray for me to Him.’ So he asked him to perform the ablution: ‘perform the ablution thoroughly well and then offer two cycles of optional prayer and beseech Allah with this supplication: “O Allah, I appeal to You, and submit to You through the mediation of the merciful Prophet Muhammad. O Muhammad, through your mediation I submit myself to My Lord to have my need granted. O Allah, acknowledge his intercession in my favour.” and accept my supplication also in my favour.”
Uthmān bin Hunayf says: I swear by Allah that we had neither left the company nor had we carried on a long conversation that the man entered (with his sight fully restored) and it seemed as if he had never been blind.

 
Ibn Majah, Hakim and Dhahabi have declared it a sound (sahih) tradition while Tirmidhi graded it hasan (fair) sahih, gharib (unfamiliar or rare).
 

Ref: at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu - Nasir Albani, Publish: Maqtaba al-Nashar, Riyahd/Saudia Version 2001, page 68.






Imam Ibn Hajr Asqalani proving Yahyah Bin Yahya research said this proves Imam Ibn Hajr and Imam Hakim (rah) Belief (aqida) that going to tombs of Awliyas and asking through their Intercession is allowed. Ibn Hajr (rah) Writes: Imam Hakim (rah) said that he heard Abu Ali Nishapori that he said that I was in extreme depression that I saw Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) in my dream he said that go to grave of Yahya bin Yahya (rah) and do Istaghfar and ask for help through his Intercession your problem will be solved. Abu Ali Nishapori said I did like that and my problem was solved in the morning.


Ref: Ibn Hajr, Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib, volume 4, page 398, Ibn Hajr Asqalani, Publish: al-Risalah, Beirut/Lebanon.






Ibn Hibban (rah) relates his own account of going to Al-Ridha’s (rah) grave, performing Tawassul through him and states that whenever “I was afflicted with a problem during my stay in Tus, I would visit the grave of Ali bin Musa (Allah (SWT)’s blessings be upon his grandfather and him) and ask Allah (SWT) to relieve me of that problem and it (my dua) would be answered and the problem alleviated. And this is something I did, and found to work, many times …”

Ref: Ibn Hibban, Kitab uth-Thiqat, volume 8, page 456-7, hadith 14411, Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban, Publish By al-Kutub al-Thamafiyah, Haydarabad Deccan, India.





 

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